P.E.I.’s Waste Watch program celebrates 20th anniversary

Dave Stewart
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Ralph MacDonald of Borden-Carleton was one of the biggest opponents of Waste Watch when it was launched in the early 1990s in East Prince. Now, he’s one of the program’s biggest advocates.

Those involved in setting up program recall the rough early days

Dennis Hopping was threatened, had garbage carts dumped in his yard and was verbally accosted on the street countless times.

But looking back 20 years, the then chairman of the East Prince Waste Management Commission, said it was all worth it in helping bring Waste Watch to Prince Edward Island.

Sorting garbage into green bins, black bins and blue bags has since become a way of life for Islanders.

“It was worth every heartache, every loss of night’s sleep. I just took it on as a challenge,’’ Hopping says.

“This Waste Watch program is, by far, the best program in North America. There isn’t another community in North America that has this type of a program. We’re it. It has served our province well.’’

By December 1994, all businesses and households in East Prince were on the new Waste Watch system. It encompassed 10,000 households, 1,000 businesses and 1,000 seasonal dwellings.

The East Prince Waste Management Facility opened in Wellington at the same time and still operates today as the province’s only landfill site.

By March 2002, the entire province was on the new system, closing 65 separate landfill sites across P.E.I. Since 1994, more than 276,000 truckloads of material have been diverted from landfills through Waste Watch.

Hopping’s vice-chairman was Dean Baglole, who says in the end introducing Waste Watch was the right thing to do.

“I’m just pleased to have just been a little part of it,’’ Baglole said. “I think we have an excellent program.’’

Hopping said there were a number of residents he “went to war with’’ over bringing Waste Watch in. There is one person he remembers more than everyone else.

Ralph MacDonald, a resident of Borden-Carleton, had proclaimed himself president of the Anti-Waste Watch Committee.

“Oh, I remember those days vividly. Those were fighting days,’’ MacDonald says today.

“I was vehemently against Waste Watch because of the way it was imposed on us. There was no previous information given out. They just dropped all the green and black carts on our lawns without permission, without any notification at all.’’

MacDonald said he had many fights by phone and email with Hopping. MacDonald even spoke out against it at town hall meetings.

Today, MacDonald says he was wrong.

“I eat crow now because I can see where Waste Watch has been advantageous to the whole province. I adjusted pretty well.’’

MacDonald remembers growing up on the shores of Miramichi in New Brunswick. Garbage was dumped next to where people swam and raked oysters. It was accepted practice at the time but times have changed.

“It was a terrible thing. We had no idea that garbage was hurting the environment, no education. I think we have come a long way and I’m glad we have it now.’’

Barry Hicken was the provincial minister of environmental resources when Waste Watch was launched in East Prince. He says then premier Catherine Callbeck called him into her office, appointed him minister and asked him to start Waste Watch.

“At that time landfill sites were getting filled up and we made a decision that we were not going to establish any more landfill sites,’’ Hicken says.

“I remember we were the first, I think, in the country to implement any type of recycling and reusing. I think it was something that was (always) in the works but no one was bold enough to take it on.’’

Hicken said the goal back in the 1980s among environment ministers across Canada was to reduce solid waste by 50 per cent by 2000. Waste Watch in western P.E.I. reduced it by 68 per cent in 1994-95 alone.

“It was quite an accomplishment. You have to change peoples minds and something new always creates lots of discussion and lots of reasons why you should and shouldn’t do it. Looking back today, it was certainly a successful program.’’

Callbeck said her goal when she took office in 1993 was to reduce the deficit but it quickly became clear the environment was a big issue, too.

“There was a lot of concern on the Island about the P.E.I. groundwater and the effect all of these dumps were having on them,’’ Callbeck said.

“The bottom line is that we felt that we had to proceed (with Waste Watch), that it was the responsible thing to do. I think Islanders realize that it was the right thing to do for the P.E.I. environment and government had to do something.’’

The Waste Watch system is more than just sorting garbage into the green and black bins.

Gerry Moore, the current CEO of Island Waste Management Corporation, says a number of enhancements have been made over the years, such as launching the electronics recycling program in 2010, expanding the spring and fall cleanup initiative to two collections and accepting metal items like bicycles, barbecues, lawnmowers and lawn chairs as part of the monthly blue bag program.

Moore says the challenge with the program comes down to money. Some people want their green carts collected weekly while others struggle to fill their carts monthly, much less bi-weekly.

IWMC doesn’t recycle Styrofoam, for example, because the volume of blue bags would go up, there would likely need to be more collections and the cost to truck it to a recycling plant would be expensive.

Moore says there are always improvements that can be made and, regardless of any weaknesses in the system, it’s better than the alternative.

“It doesn’t take a whole lot of effort to do it right and this material isn’t going into a hole in the ground somewhere, taking up space that your children’s children are going to have to look after.’’

For Hopping, putting up with all those threats was worth it.

“In my opinion, it was the best decision ever made,’’ Hopping said.



Organizations: East Prince Waste Management Commission, The East Prince Waste Management Facility, Island Waste Management Anti-Waste Watch Committee

Geographic location: P.E.I., Prince Edward Island, North America East Prince Wellington Borden-Carleton Miramichi New Brunswick Canada

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Recent comments

  • West Prince Resident
    July 26, 2014 - 09:26

    From where I live IWMC is an epic fail. They are over managed & under staffed. You can put out the Green & Black carts with excess Clear bags and all them show no sorting going on and the driver takes all. Then the other example, are the people that have painted the Green cart black so to make sure the driver takes the unsorted garbage. I personally have said things to some of these people and there response, "when I am fined or they stop thinking it, I will change & not before". I feel the system has no accountability. The drivers work for a company that has a bottom line. Get the work done in the shortest amount of time, so therefore, there is no time to stop & fill out reject stickers and the paperwork involved to make sure you don't have to return to get the so called rejected carts that day or the next day when you have already been at that residents. There is no manpower at IWMC for road side inspections year round, to make sure the Contract/drivers are doing what IWMC was mandated to do in the Waste Management Program. Businesses have not been following the program since the inspections stopped years ago. The evidence is at their businesses when you see only a large Waste Dumpster at the back of the building. I would save a bundle if they took my fees off my property Tax and let me take my sorted garbage into a Drop off Site. You can brag all you want about how great you are doing but from where I sit you are the joke of the town. With that being said, it was a great idea and did work for awhile but someone dropped the ball and no was there to keep them accountable.

  • The Observer from Stratford
    July 05, 2014 - 19:49

    Too many products require you to go to the Disposal Site. Most annoying are CFL bulbs. The stores that sell them should be willing (or forced by government) to take them back when they blow out. They don't really last much longer than incandescent bulbs. I usually have at least five dead CFL bulbs a year to take in. It's a big annoyance and nuisance. Same for refundable bottles. Why shouldn't the stores selling them have to accept them back as they did for glass bottles at one time?

  • wayne weeks
    July 05, 2014 - 10:44

    Every province and city in Canada claim to have the best recycling program and that's a good thing. P.E..I needs to get it's bottle program up to speed but that's driven by business/politics and not good common sense , that's going to take some time to implement.

    • don
      July 05, 2014 - 13:04

      well pei is so far behind the rest of north america it is not funny. we have the green cart,black cart but where is the BLUE CART? they want you to use blue bags and nothing else. well what in hell is wrong with clear bags? this gang of big pay no work needs o check up with the rest of north america. and they have said that the blue carts will cost them to much lol they are full of crap who pays for the carts? the TAX PAYERS not the waste watch gang.

  • Bonshaw Resident
    July 05, 2014 - 10:23

    This is another great example of how Islanders resist change. It must have to do with the size of our population and the access we have to the media.

    • LA
      July 05, 2014 - 14:05

      So....you thought there wouldn't be word of protest if it were implemented in New York City or Toronto?

  • ed macintyre
    July 05, 2014 - 09:38

    We are fortunate to have had an institution like Waste Watch around for over 20 years when many other provinces and jurisdictions are just getting started with responsible waste management. However, there are still many residents and businesses on PEI that oppose Waste Watch. Compost and waste are not being separated and recycleables are being dumped in with waste. Based on my observations, the people who are most guilty of doing this are senior citizens and young people who are apathetic to the program and are oblivious to where there waste is going. I worked at high schools and at seniors residents and have seen this myself. Restaurants also need to do a better job of waste management. Employees do a poor job or dont even bother to sort their trash. But in general each resident needs to ask themselves; How can I cut down on the amount of waste I generate. This might be something as simple as refusing plastic bags at stores. When I started doing this about 10 years ago cashiers would look at me like I'had two heads and insist I take a bag. Now, a lot refuse bags or dont bother taking one from the store, only to dispose of it a short time later. I would like to see Waste Watch implement some kind of "bar code" system where bar code stickers are placed on waste containers. Each time containers are dumped the bar code is scanned those residents and businesses that generate a lot of waste would pay more than those of us who put our containers out less than one a month. Why should I be paying the same fees when I use Waste Watch less than others.Also, by putting my carts out less than once a month, I am saving fuel for Waste Watch if the truck does not have to make as many stops.

    • don
      July 05, 2014 - 13:07

      well to help waste watch and the drivers why do we not take the carts to them that will save them money?

    • Ed Smith
      July 05, 2014 - 21:42

      If going by your line of thinking, then people who see their doctor less often should be able to pay less taxes than the person who sees their doctor often......a person who has a driver's license but doesn't drive very often should pay less to renew their license than a person who drives all the time, etc, etc.

  • Fed up
    July 05, 2014 - 09:32

    Not another like ie...no. Mostly it's excellent....however, VERY selective in what they will take! Seniors with an old chair, couch, etc? In other provinces...these are picked up during clean-up week. In PEI? We have to HIRE someone to come and take ANYTHING BIGGER THAN 3 feet! They need to look at that part on clean-up week. And especially in Summer...PICK UP THE COMPOST WEEKLY!!!! No other province has to keep food for two weeks. Breeding grounds for maggots....all sorts of bugs. All comes down to money? They are being well paid....not the poor guys who pick it up...but head ones are certainly WELL paid!!!

  • enough already
    July 05, 2014 - 09:10

    Where is the compost been dumped now ?