© THE CANADIAN PRESS/Adrian Wyld
The Senate chamber on Parliament Hill is seen Tuesday May 28, 2013 in Ottawa.
Prince Edward Island has joined with seven other provinces and territories in arguing the federal government cannot abolish the Senate without unanimous consent of the provinces.
The federal government has asked the Supreme Court of Canada for guidance on what it would take to reform the upper chamber, and whether it can abolish the body without provincial consultation.
P.E.I. Attorney General Janice Sherry submitted the Island’s series of arguments to the high court Friday. P.E.I. joined Ontario, Quebec, Newfoundland and Labrador, Manitoba, Nunavut and New Brunswick in arguing changes to the Constitution require consultation and agreement with the provinces.
Without this, “the role of provinces like Prince Edward Island to influence and approve constitutional change will be severely diminished,” said a news release issued by the P.E.I. Justice Department late Friday.
Premier Robert Ghiz is, however, not opposed to Senate reform. He has stated he is in favour of a ‘Triple-E’ Senate — elected, effective and equal.
“If the Senate was abolished, we would be down to one member of Parliament, which would really reduce down our representation in Ottawa,” Ghiz told The Guardian earlier this year.
But such a change would require full consultation and agreement from the provinces, P.E.I. is arguing to the Supreme Court.
The high court is getting an earful on the future of the Senate. The provinces and territories had until Friday afternoon to submit their views on the Senate questions.
So far, everyone seems to agree that Ottawa cannot act alone to overhaul or outright abolish the upper chamber. Where they differ is in the details.
Saskatchewan and Alberta agreed with the federal government position that all that is needed for abolition is the so-called 7/50 rule — the consent of seven provinces, representing at least half of the population.
“Alberta continues to lead Senate reform efforts and our province’s position is that fundamental changes to the federal system requires input from the partners of Confederation,” Premier Alison Redford said in a statement.
“But no one province should hold a veto to block important and necessary Senate reform.”
Adds Saskatchewan: “Unanimity is not required for any of the proposals identified in the constitutional questions.”
Ontario, Quebec, Newfoundland and Labrador, Manitoba, Nunavut, Prince Edward Island and New Brunswick counter that the unanimous consent of the provinces is indeed needed to get rid of the Senate.
The Northwest Territories says unanimous consent isn’t enough and its residents must be consulted before any changes are made.
Nova Scotia’s written submission has yet to be released. British Columbia got an extension and now has another week to file its opinion. Yukon is not weighing in.
On the questions of whether Parliament alone can set term limits or hold elections for senators, opinions vary.
Alberta argues that while the federal government would have to consult the provinces before setting Senate term limits, it could conceivably change the rules so senators would have to be elected instead of appointed, as they are now.
Alberta is the only province to elect nominees for Senate appointments.
Ontario says Parliament does not need the provinces’ consent to set term limits of nine years or longer. However, the province says the 7/50 rule would apply if Parliament wants to set Senate term limits of less than nine years.
Ontario also says the 7/50 rule comes into play if Parliament wants to change the rules so that senators must be elected.
The rest of the provinces and territories generally agree that Ottawa cannot act alone on Senate elections or term limits.
Manitoba and Saskatchewan say the Senate ought to be abolished.
“It is (Saskatchewan Premier Brad Wall’s) position — and the position of his government — that as an institution the Senate is beyond repair and the only reasonable option is to abolish it outright,” Saskatchewan’s factum says.
Manitoba’s attorney general also says the upper chamber is basically flawed and should be abolished.
In its own submission, the federal government argues “it is constitutionally permissible for Parliament to impose term limits, provide for public consultative processes on Senate appointments, and remove the archaic requirement” that a senator own at least $4,000 worth of land.
Most provinces generally abstained on the property question.
The federal Conservatives say they plan to go ahead with Senate reform — or even outright abolition — once the Supreme Court provides guidance over how they may do so.
The Tories should have the support of the New Democrats if they go the abolition route. The NDP has long wanted to get rid of the Senate.
The Supreme Court is scheduled to hold hearings on the matter in November. It could be months before it delivers its opinion.