By Susan Mathew and Sagarika Jaisinghani
(Reuters) - European stock markets gained for a fourth straight day on Thursday with sentiment propped up by the latest round of stimulus from the U.S. Federal Reserve and on hopes the coronavirus pandemic was close to peaking.
The pan-European STOXX 600 index <.STOXX> closed up 1.6% to end a holiday-shortened week 7.4% higher – its best week since 2011. London's FTSE <.FTSE> led the charge among European majors, up 2.9%.
Sentiment was buoyed by data showing France's coronavirus hospital deaths slowed and Spain’s new cases eased, but the main lift of the session came as Wall Street indexes jumped after the Fed rolled out a $2.3 trillion program to bolster local governments and businesses. [.N]
That overshadowed data showing another week with over 6 million new U.S. jobless claims.
"The Fed will buy riskier debt and that should keep this V-shaped rebound going a little longer," said Edward Moya, senior market analyst at OANDA New York.
"The Fed has shown the markets they are doing whatever it takes for the economy."
All eyes were on the fate of a multi-billion euro programme that European Union finance ministers have been struggling to agree on this week. Eurogroup chairman Mario Centeno said the ministers are close to overcoming differences.
All major European sectors rose, with the travel and leisure sector <.SXTP> - worst impacted by the pandemic - leading gains for yet another day. The sector added 24.5% this week, helping reduce yearly losses to 36%.
Keeping oil stocks <.SXEP> afloat, crude prices gained after sources said Russia and Saudi Arabia have a new deal to cut oil output drastically in response to a collapse in global demand from the coronavirus. [O/R]
The energy index has recouped nearly half of its value following a collapse crash in oil prices, triggered by a Saudi-Russia price war.
"The worst-case scenario, where OPEC and its previous allies fail to commit to production cuts, would be disastrous for oil-producing economies (and) would see both (oil) benchmarks test a single-digit number," said Hussein Sayed, a market strategist at FXTM.
The STOXX 600 benchmark index has earned back about $1.7 trillion in market value since hitting an eight-year low in March, but remains nearly 23% below its record high as sweeping lockdown measures crush business activity and spark mass layoffs.
Global stock markets have also gained ground this week, partly helped by historic fiscal and monetary stimulus to cushion the economic blow of the health crisis. [MKTS/GLOB]
The French government more than doubled the expected cost of its crisis response measures, pushing the budget deficit and national debt to record levels. France’s main index <.FCHI> was up 1.2%.
With major European firms withdrawing financial forecasts and making dramatic efforts to save cash, analysts expect an earnings recession to deepen in 2020 with a 15.7% slide in the first quarter and 30.2% in the second.
Europe's most valuable tech firm SAP SE
Graphic - U.S. and Europe P/E ratios: https://fingfx.thomsonreuters.com/gfx/mkt/rlgpdawdvoj/Pasted%20image%201586420335496.png
(Reporting by Sagarika Jaisinghani in Bengaluru; Editing by Uttaresh.V and Arun Koyyur, Kirsten Donovan)