In this artist's sketch, P.E.I. Sen. Mike Duffy, a former member of the Conservative caucus, testifies at his trial in Ottawa on Tuesday, Dec. 8, 2015.
©THE CANADIAN PRESS/Greg Banning
Lawyer takes Duffy painstakingly through family ties, grandfather was Legislature Speaker, parents spent lives here, siblings still here
P.E.I. Sen. Mike Duffy says former prime minister Stephen Harper appointed him and other previously non-partisan people to the Senate to help the Conservative party's image and attract voters.
“What they were trying to do was put people in the Senate who would, in effect, provide third-party validation of Stephen Harper as someone Canadians can trust,” Duffy told Ontario Justice Charles Vaillancourt, noting that in 2008, many voters were still unsure about Harper.
It was the first time Duffy has spoken publicly since he stood briefly to plead “not guilty” to the 31 charges of fraud, breach of trust and bribery back when the trial started in April.
The 69-year-old is much thinner now and so is the crowd in the courtroom, much of the excitement around the affair having evaporated with the October electoral defeat of the Conservative government.
Duffy has long waited to tell his side of the story on his contested living and office expenses and the clandestine $90,000 he received from Harper's chief of staff Nigel Wright to repay some of those claims.
Duffy has maintained that he was railroaded by Harper's staff into repaying the claims, when he never thought he had done anything wrong.
“Nothing in my life ... has been simple or straightforward,” Duffy told his defence lawyer, Donald Bayne, at one point.
That Harper saw Duffy as a political tool is central to one aspect of the defence's case. A large portion of the charges relate to travel expenses that involved political fundraisers and other partisan activities and the defence argues Duffy was expected by the prime minister to do that work.
Earlier in the trial, a photo was entered into evidence with Harper's inscription: “One of my best, hardest-working appointments ever.”
Other senators appointed at the same time as Duffy included fellow broadcaster Pamela Wallin and Patrick Brazeau, former national chief of the Congress of Aboriginal Peoples.
Duffy recounted a meeting with Harper in December 2008, when the prime minister asked him if he would sit in the Senate for Prince Edward Island.
Duffy suggested he represent Ontario instead, because that's where he lived most of the time.
“I said, going in for P.E.I. would not be popular,” said Duffy. “I'm from P.E.I., but many people will complain I'm not of P.E.I.“
But Duffy said Harper “was bound and determined it was going to be P.E.I.,” and was satisfied that the cottage the TV host owned in Cavendish made him qualified to represent the Island in the Senate.
When an academic suggested in an interview with The Guardian that Duffy was not qualified because he wasn't actually “resident” in the province, Duffy said the prime minister’s office and the Senate leadership assured him he had nothing to worry about.
That constitutional qualification is not being challenged at the trial, but Duffy has hinted that he was told he might lose his seat if he didn't go along with the prime minister’s office's face-saving plan to have Wright repay his expenses.
In other words, he was not bribing anyone to pay back his expenses, as the Crown suggests, but the operatives were threatening him.
The defence strategy on the first day of testimony was to build a portrait of a man with: solid ties to Prince Edward Island; a long, successful journalism career with no experience running an office; chronic health problems that made him vulnerable to pressure.
Bayne began by taking his client painstakingly through his family ties to the Island. Duffy's grandfather Charles Gavan Duffy, for example, was the Speaker of the provincial legislature. His parents spent their lives there and his siblings are still there.
Duffy outlined how he parlayed a TV gig as a teenager into a newspaper job at age 17. He then moved into radio and wangled his way to Ottawa and eventually a job with the CBC.
Along the way, he became captivated by politics, calling it: “A fascination and what I committed my life to.”
By 1978, he was working as a national CBC reporter and travelled the world.
That's when his first marriage began to fall apart, which he blamed on overwork. He lost his children. He slept poorly, started to drink too much, piled on pounds.
“I was pretty depressed,” Duffy said in response to a question about his mental health.
Still, Duffy's career continued upward. He was eventually hired away from the CBC to host a CTV show called “Sunday Edition.” He met his current wife Heather while working there.
He spent 20 years with the network before receiving the invitation from Harper to sit in the Senate in late 2008.
Duffy is expected to testify for at least the next few days.
Top 5 Things to take away from Mike Duffy's testimony
1. Duffy travelled on the road with the Canadian rock band The Beavers in the summer of 1964 at the age of 18. The band members, who sported matching Mohawk haircuts, had him travel in advance to cities to set up for their arrival. They later changed their name to the Great Scots.
2. Duffy was an ambitious and shrewd young journalist, freelancing stories about football games in his mid-teens, and later working any small radio jobs he could get. In 1967, he paid his own way to Toronto to cover the Progressive Conservative convention for a Halifax radio station.
3. Duffy suffered a heart attack three days before he was set to wed his current wife, Heather. The two had met years earlier, when she was his nurse for another ailment. Duffy said he went through a similar emotional conundrum when his daughter was born precisely the same hour that his father passed away.
4. Duffy's health is poor. He takes 12 different medications daily to treat his heart disease, diabetes and ulcers, and sleeps with a device to treat apnea. He has six doctors, and has been a patient with the University of Ottawa Heart Institute for two decades. Duffy has had open heart surgery twice, including two years ago.
5. When Stephen Harper asked him to sit in the Senate in late 2008, Duffy says he suggested he represent Ontario instead of Prince Edward Island, but Duffy says Harper was adamant it be P.E.I., and was fully aware that Duffy only owned a cottage there that he intended to winterize in the future as a retirement home.
OTTAWA - Some quotes from Sen. Mike Duffy's first day of testimony in his own fraud, breach of trust and bribery trial:
On his years as a cub reporter: “I wasn't a particularly great writer, and I wasn't particularly talented, but I could see what people wanted was output, so I tried to minimize the goofing off during business hours and maximize the throughput.”
On covering his first political conventions: “I realized that while it was a spectacle, it was spectacle that mattered because it allowed for the debate and discussion of ideas, and at the end of the day it would affect how every single Canadian lived their lives.”
On the breakup of his first marriage: “I lost my kids, they moved away, eventually as far as B.C. I basically had a lost decade. When I walked by a schoolyard, I wondered how my kids were doing.”
On having a heart attack three days before his second marriage: “Nothing in my life ... has been simple or straightforward.”
On why he, a non-partisan journalist, was appointed to the Senate: “What they were trying to do was put people in the Senate who would in effect provide third-party validation of Stephen Harper as someone Canadians can trust.”
On being appointed to represent Prince Edward Island: “I said, going in for P.E.I. would not be popular. I'm from P.E.I., but many people will complain I'm not of P.E.I.”